How is the wintering condition in Mongolia?

December 20, 2020

Initiated by the Mongolian National Federation of Pasture User Groups (MNFPUG), a survey was conducted on December 9-13 to identify and assess the current situation of herders in soums with challenging wintering conditions.

Currently, 75 soums in 8 aimags, including Arkhangai, Bayankhongor, Govi-Altai, Dundgovi, Zavkhan, Uvurkhangai, Umnugovi, and Tuv that much affected otor movements/long distance grazing are at the highest risk. Hence, in these soums, 18.5 million livestock of 44783 households spend the winter, of which 19.0 percent or 8.0 thousand herder households and 27.1 percent or 4.3 million livestock for otor movement.

The purpose of the survey focused on a regular monitoring basis to clarify the current situation in the above regions and to provide herders, herder organizations and the public with specific information.

The survey covered 180 people in the target area, of which 77% were herders, 13% were civil servants, 10% were representatives from the private sector, and 18% were women and 82% were men. 30% of the participants were herders with up to 200 livestock, 36% with 201-500 livestock, 24% with 501-999 livestock, and 10% with more than 1000 livestock. More than half of the herders in the soums (55%) are on otor movement.